Consolidating itunes 11
Also in the Middle Ages, Viking warriors, according to Russian tradition by invitation, pushed from the Baltic area into the low hills west of Moscow. “Russia”] in the 860’s baptized so many people that shortly after this a special bishop was sent to care for their needs” (A History of the Ukraine, by Michael Hrushevsky, Yale University Press, 1941, p. The “Rus” (or “Russ”) were absorbed into the Slav population which they organized into statehood.Archaeological discoveries show that at one time or another these Northmen penetrated almost all areas south of Lake Ladoga and West of the Kama and Lower Volga rivers. 862) a state, known subsequently from their name as Russia, which embraced the territory of the upper Volga and Dnieper rivers and reached down the latter river to the Black Sea (An Introduction to Old Norse, by E. Gordon, Oxford University Press, 1927, map between pp. Russ and Slav were of related stock and their languages, though quite different, had common Indo-Germanic origin. The people of the new state devoted themselves energetically to consolidating their territory and extending its boundaries. Many Varangians (Rus) had settled among the Slavs in this area (the Ukraine), and Christian Kiev became the seat of an enlightened Westward-looking dynasty, whose members married into several European royal houses, including that of France. nature and mankind, powers and events, were for the Jewish nation insignificant, non-essential, a mere phantom; the only true reality was the Talmud.They found a land occupied by primitive pastoral people of a score or more of tribes, a land which lay beyond the boundaries of the Roman Empire at its greatest extent under Trajan (ruled, 98-117 A.D.), and also beyond the boundaries of the Byzantine Empire (395-1453).More interesting than these migrations was the importation from Germany of an idea conceived by a prominent Jew of solving century-old tension between native majority population and the Jews in their midst.
These are the descendants of the Khazarian Jews discussed in this article.
In the later years of the dimly recorded first millennium of the Christian era, Slavic people of several kindred tribes occupied the land which became known later as the north central portion of European Russia.
South of them between the Don and Volga rivers and north of the lofty Caucasus Mountains lived a people known to history as Khazars (Ancient Russia, by George Vernadsky, Yale University Press, 1943, p. These people had been driven westward from Central Asia and entered Europe by the corridor between the Ural Mountains and the Caspian Sea.
Their earliest, and permanent, settlements were north and east of the West Dwina River, in the Lake Ilmen area. From the Khazars, who had extended their power up the Dnieper Valley, they took Kiev, which “was an important trading center even before becoming, in the 10th cent., the capital of a large recently Christianized state” (Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, Vol. The Slavs, especially those in the area now known as the Ukraine, were engaged in almost constant warfare with the Khazars and finally, by 1016 A. It was for this reason that the Babylonian rather than the Jerusalem Talmud became the fundamental possession of the Jewish race, its life breath, its very soul. Not merely educated by the Talmud but actually living the life of its Babylonian background, which they may have regarded with increased devotion because most of the Jews of Mesopotamia had embraced Islam, the rabbi-governed Khazars had no intention whatever of losing their identity by becoming Russianized or Christian.
and between the Upper Volga and Oka rivers, at whose junction they soon held the famous trading post of Nizhni-Novgorod (Ancient Russia, p. These immigrants from the North and West were principally “the ‘Russ’ — a Varangian tribe in ancient annals considered as related to the Swedes, Angles, and Northmen” (Encyclopedia Britannica, Vol. D., destroyed the Khazar government and took a large portion of Khazar territory. The Babylonian Talmud is especially distinguished from the Jerusalem or Palestine Talmud by the flights of thought, the penetration of mind, the flashes of genius, which rise and vanish again. The intransigent attitude of the rabbis was increased by their realization that their power would be lost if their people accepted controls other than Talmudic.